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70 years ago: The "Ostarbeiter-Erlasse"
A Ukrainian testimony on the consequences of the "Ostarbeiter-Erlasse" of Feb. 20, 1942 - An Interviewer talks about her interviews with former "Ostarbeiter"
On Feb. 20, 1942 Heinrich Himmler's Reichssicherheitshauptamt issued the "Ostarbeiter-Erlasse". They subdued more than two million Forced Laborers from the Soviet Union under a discriminatory special law.
On the occasion of this nationalsocialist decree the Online Archive "Forced Labor 1939-1945" shows excerpts from an audio interview with the former "Ostarbeiterin" Hanna Fedoriwna H.. In an audio slide show, enriched with historical and contemporary photographs and documents, the recalls everydfay life with the discriminatory "OST" label. This visualisation of an audio interview gives an exemplary insight into the collection of more than 4000 photographs and documents, accompanying almost 400 audio and 200 video interviews in the Online Archive.
More than 100 interviews with former "Ostarbeiter" constitute a core stock of the Online Archive "Forced Labor 1939-1945". The Experts' Talk with Dr. Natalia Timofeyeva informs about the creation of these interviews. In 2005 - 2006, the Oral History Expert from Voronezh in Southern Russia conducted the interviews of the archive's Subset "Russia – Regional Center Voronezh".
- Audio interview about "Ostarbeiter-Erlasse" (Ukrainian with German Subtitles)
- Expert's Talk with Dr. Natalia Timofeyeva (German)
The smartphone app "Forced Labor" by Berlin History Workshop provides access to the memories of witnesses.
Freie Universität Berlin, German Historical Museum Berlin and the Foundation "Remembrance, Responsibility and Future" continue their successful cooperation in the project "Forced Labor 1939 - 1945".
This spring - 80 years after the handover of power to the Nazis and 67 years after the liberation - new projects of rememberance in Berlin offer information also on the history of forced labor.