September 27, 2010: 65 years after the war a major exhibition at the Jewish Museum Berlin remembered forced laborers.
On this occasion we show three excerpts from interviews with former forced laborers talking about the German culture of remembrance and how they themselves remember their forced labor. The video is in Polish and Russian with German subtitles.
From September 27, 2010, until January 31, 2011, a major exhibition at the Jewish Museum Berlin remembered forced labor under National Socialism. The international traveling exhibition "Forced Labor. The Germans, the Forced Laborers and the War" is an important milestone in collective memory: Ten years after the start of compensation payments for forced laborers, the Federal President officially opens a comprehensive exhibition on the long-forgotten period of Nazi forced labor.
Many survivors have carefully observed the public remembrance in Germany. In the interviews of the Online Archive "Forced Labor 1939-1945. Memory and History", conducted in 2005 / 2006, former forced laborers describe their different experiences of memory in Germany and in their home countries. The three short excerpts illuminate different assessments of collective and individual memory.
The exhibition "Forced Labor. The Germans, the Forced Laborers and the War" was developed by the Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorials Foundation and supported by the Foundation "Remembrance, Responsibility and Future". The exhibition includes excerpts from twelve interviews from the Online Archive "Forced Labor 1939-1945". More»
1914: Born in Belgorod
1938: Works as an engineer in Kharkov
1942: Deported to Berlin for forced labor, works at the cosmetic company “Schwarzkopf”, later in a private household
1943: After the air raids she goes to Hesse with the German family
1944: Works in WASAG munitions factory in Allendorf / Hesse
1945: Liberation by US troops, Soviet “Filtrierlager” in Magdeburg, returns to Kharkov
Duration: 3:20 hours, Date: September 22, 2004, Language: Russian
1929: Born near Konin
1939: German occupation, Polish schools closed, farm labor
1944: Deported via Posen to Karlsruhe, forced labor at the German Weapons and Munitions Factory (DWM) in Karlsruhe (today the Centre for Art and Media Technology – ZKM) and Grötzingen, injured in a bombing raid
1945: Liberation, thereafter goes to school and works in her own hair salon
2004: Visit in Karlsruhe
Duration: 2:26 hours, Date: September 13, 2006, Language: Polish
1926: Born in Minsk
1941: Moves with his family to the Jewish Ghetto, Minsk; Forced labor in a nearby radio factory; supports partisans (provision of food, medicine, weapons)
1942: Relocates from the ghetto to barrack camps at the Minsk radio factory
1944: Liberation, thereafter attends school and goes on to study electrical engineering, later working as an electrical engineer
Duration: 4:01 hours, Date: August 2, 2005, Language: Russian